What is Architectural Programming

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The short answer is that Architectural programming is everything you need to know before you draw. The longer answer is that programming is a process that an Architect leads a client through to identify and articulate what the projects objectives and constraints are now and in the future. This process will involve our asking questions then listening. At the end of the process we will establish the project design objectives a list of your needs, wants, and priorities in written and numerical form. The result will be a detailed work plan that will guide the Planning and Design process. Good, detailed programming is imperative to a successful project.

The final deliverables of Architectural Programming are a Project Narrative, Program Statement, Adjacencies Diagram, and a Preliminary Budget. The Project Narrative is an overview of the entire project explaining the project scope and goals. It also contains descriptions of each department and functional spaces such as lobbies, meeting rooms, and cafeterias. The Program Statement is an overall numerical summary of the project (spreadsheet) identifying all individual requirements at a departmental level. We suggest that this statement include the following minimum information: existing spaces, proposed new spaces, future expansion, and tabulation of all space requirements including circulation, wall, and mechanical space. The Adjacencies Diagram is a graphically depiction of the spacial relationship of all the program elements to one another. The Preliminary Budget is an opinion of probable cost based on simple square footage cost of similar projects. Using experience from similar past projects we will recommend space needs, in the case of a unique requirement we will specifically study special space needs and adjacencies.

Recommended Steps in the process
1.Identify the basic elements and set up a structure for collecting information and making decisions.
a.Review existing organizational charts and employee lists
b.Identify all influencers and decision makers
c.Clarify how decision will be made
i.Who reviews and makes recommendation
ii.Who makes final decisions
2.Interview Key Personal
3.Distribute a questionnaire to Staff
a.Collect, tabulate and analyze survey results.
4.Perform a detailed survey of the existing space
a.Identify structural elements
b.Identify wall construction including demountable partitions for possible relocation
5.Inventory existing furnishing, fixture and equipment
a.Identify items for reuse, refurbishment and replacement
6.Conduct Engineering analysis of existing electrical, mechanical, plumbing, fire protection, life safety, phone system and data infrastructure.
7.Conduct building code analysis and meet with local code authorities.
8.Produce Program Deliverables
a.Project Narrative
b.Program Statement
c.Adjacencies Diagram
d.Preliminary Budget

Latest Mobile Phones The Multimedia Gadgets With Beneficial Deals

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There was a time when mobile phones were supposed to be mere communication devices. But, that situation is no more. In the latest mobile phones, users can get a number of multimedia features. We can take the entertainment features as first instances. Today, people can enjoy their favourite tracks or watch videos on the media players of the handsets. On the other hand, stereo FM radio is also available in many of the handsets. This is the feature which can be seen in several non-multimedia handsets as well. In the same way, playing games has also become very common in the multimedia as well as non-multimedia devices; however the types of games may be different in dissimilar handset. The non-multimedia devices consist of simple games and the multimedia devices come with the frolics with some more features. On the other hand, Java games are also available in many of the devices.

The camera features are other features which are very prominent in the new mobile phones. The journey of cameras in mobile phones was started from the VGA and 1.3 MP cameras and now we can see 8 MP cameras and 12 MP cameras also in the handsets. Besides, the internet features are also very common in the handset. GPRS in the handsets facilitates the users to get connected with internet with support of network service providers. Wi-Fi allows the users to get the access of unlimited internet in the Wi-Fi covered locations.The above said handsets can be obtained at economical prices by availing mobile phone deals. These are the contract deals which can be signed for the period of 12 months, 18 months or 24 months. On signing the deals users can get the support of network service providers. On the other hand, several offers are also provided to the users. The offers of handset with free gifts have gained a widespread popularity among the users. These free gifts may be several deluxe items such as laptop, LCD TV, Bluetooth headset, Sony PS3, PSP and many more.There are a number of portals from where these deals can be obtained. Comparison portals can be seen very active in this respect. On these websites you can compare different latest mobile phones and their deals and can get the best one according to your choices.

Drupal And Object Oriented Programming.

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As all the OOP languages use CLASS or similar data structures for Object Oriented Programming, we have considered that without a “CLASS”, OOP is not possible.

Object oriented programming (OOP) is quickly taking place over the traditional procedure oriented programming (POP). Programming languages like C# and Java are successful because of OOPs Power.

After gone through the code of “Drupal” – One of the most popular open sources content management system and framework built with PHP language, summary is – Drupal doesnt use a single Class in its code base. Whole Drupal code base is based on just functions. As PHP, with which programming language Drupal itself is built, is also implementing many powerful OPP features, but Drupal is not using these features.

Actually, the OOP concept is not based on uses of data structures like CLASS. It is based on the fundamentals of features like Objects, Abstraction, Encapsulation, Polymorphism, Inheritance etc. If these fundamental features are included in programming then it can be considered in OOP.
There is no keyword ‘class’ in Drupal code. Drupal is as non-OOP as many programmers do. But that is not true. Drupal doesnt contain any class like data structure; still it is still Object Oriented.

Drupal covers all these features without classes. Power of Drupal is hardly depends on this programming structure only. The way, how the hook system has been implemented in Drupal would never been possible with the use of Classes.

See more details about how Drupal implements Object Oriented Programming (OOP) without using Classes, visit:

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Save The Planet! Environmental Science Fair Project

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Environmental Science Fair Project

There are increasing numbers of students who are choosing an environmental science fair project for their school assignments. Hardly a day goes by that there is not some sort of news event on the television regarding the problems we are facing with the environment. These students are choosing an environmental science fair project for school because they are interested in studying this area of science. Many of these students are very devoted to finding solutions to the current environmental crises. They have the long term vision that many adults lack by realizing that what we do now will affect the planet in a positive or negative way for years, decades, and/or centuries to come. They are taking this devotion to the cause and choosing an environmental science fair project as their topic of study.

An environmental science fair project can be presented on a wide variety of specific topics. Issues surrounding soil use and preservation are some of the most popular. These issues deal with loss of topsoil, which is where all the plant life is grown. This type of environmental science project can also examine the effects of runoff on the waterways of the world. The silting of rivers is a major concern due to the detrimental effects to plants and animals that rely on oxygenated water for survival. An environmental science fair project may also cover the issues surrounding the use of pesticides and other chemicals on the soil and surrounding wildlife. Students who demonstrate aptitude in these areas will likely continue their passion into their careers as agricultural scientists.

Other students who choose an environmental science fair project could focus on the latest increases in greenhouse gases around the Earth. While the task may sound too monumental for an environmental science fair project, there are ways to scale down the project. These projects are scientifically accurate and if properly implemented and documented can lead to the answers we are in need of to address this issue. Likewise, the study of animals such as frogs can lead to knowledge that can be applied on a larger scale. Frogs are the litmus paper for the health of water, and students can gather information in their local areas to determine the health of ponds and streams.

The Importance Of Proxy Servers

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A proxy server acts as a connector between two networks. One network is the internet and the other network is a series of system that are connected within themselves.

The primary reason for using a proxy server is to hide system identity from other systems on the internet. Internet cafes make use of proxy servers for the purpose of managing payment for internet access. People who are under oppressive regimes make use of proxy servers to spread their political opinions. Using a proxy server also increases the speed of internet access in some cases.

There are many types of proxy servers and you can choose one depending on your requirement. The most basic type of proxy server is the simple proxy server. This is a very basic proxy server type and it receives request from the client computer and sends the request for access to that internet resource. It then returns response from the client back to the internet resource.

Another type of proxy server is the reverse proxy. This proxy server receives requests from various systems connected to the internet and connects it to a group of internet servers.

If the internet connection is slow, a caching proxy server is used. This server saves a copy of all fetched content and used that copy whenever new content has to be fetched. These types of servers are used in fast connection environment for the purpose of saving bandwidth cost.

There is a need for restricting internet access so that content filtering proxy servers enable filtering of content during the process of internet access. This type of server is used by schools to block objectionable sites and in some cases companies to restrict job sites, porn websites and even social networking websites. The network administrator can set those sites that can be viewed and block sites that should be avoided.

Websites For Artists The Impact Of Information Technology To The World

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Information technology soars high with its never ending commitment – to provide the highest quality technology-based services in the most cost-effective manner. It changed how the world looks like as time passed by. It provides support for audio/visual, computer, multimedia, voice and video and even websites for artists.

Information technology can be found everywhere. From the newspaper we read everyday to the most advanced gadget we use, all of them are products of information technology.

Graphics and Animations

Computer graphics and animations are working hand in hand to bring the most modern effects in cinematography. 3D or the three-dimensional image is an example of how information technology evolves in the world of film making. Walt Disney, Universal Studios, and Pixar Animation are examples of companies that produce films in 3D Formats. Artist and directors made their lives easier in filming movies and putting up websites for artists through the help of information technology. Now, they can film a scene inside a small space without going to a distant place and can create a site that will look so authentic.

Photography

Information technology is also making its name in world of photography. Photos are more vivid compared in the past. Thanks to the newly-invented camera lenses that generate images in full HD.

Entertainment

Websites for artists are connected to entertainment as well. Music, an art form whose medium is sound, is the most popular area of entertainment. Just like other fields, the world of entertainment flocks its wings with information technology. 3D surround sound and the most common sound format Dolby Digital are products of information technology. Movies use these sound formats to deliver a more fascinating sound experience like no other.
Music tracks are now developing with the help of information technology. From a phonograph disc which plays mono sounds to a highly digital stereo. Tracks are now recorded in compact disk that delivers good sound quality.

Medicine

Medicine is the most important field of all. It is where IT developers give their time to create new inventions to help save lives. IT specialists are working double to provide medicine advancements. An example of this is the latest gadget that mimics embryo experience that shows promise for infertility treatment.

The World Wide Web

The World Wide Web is the information superhighway; the trade of all trades. This is where everything can be found; websites for artists most specifically. Billions of information stream endlessly here.

Information technology is found everywhere, committed to provide excellence in many fields.

Current Science Article Stem Cell Research in the Spotlight Once Again

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Recent discoveries about the role of stem cells in cancer have altered the landscape of cancer research, says Medical News Today. There is, however, a long-running philosophical rift over stem cell research at both the state and federal levels. Some groups would rather focus on adult stem cell research, avoiding the moral and ethical questions about research involving embryos. While ethical debate on human embryonic stem cells will continue, much more is occurring on the rings surrounding this bull’s-eye issue, including research in both drug development and adult stem cells.

Biologists’ understanding of new sources and uses of adult and nonembryonic stem cells is advancing rapidly. Called “niches” or “crypts,” it seems that almost anyplace one looks in the body (nose, eye, hair follicle, intestine, bone marrow, central nervous system), stem cells are being found. From such basic knowledge, it has been reported that successful animal and human therapy using patient stem cells is already occurring. As more stem cell crypts are discovered, the desire to understand how to manipulate them within the body only becomes more acute.

At the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, researchers presented new discoveries about stem cells in leukemia, breast and colon cancer that add to the growing evidence that perhaps cancer is, fundamentally, a stem cell problem.

Interviewed by Vision Magazine at the Stem Cells World Congress earlier this year in La Jolla, California, veterinarian and CEO of Vet-Stem, Robert Harmon, explained how his company is currently providing stem cell therapies for animals. Injected into an injury or degenerated tissue, the stem cell treatment evokes healing in unprecedented ways. As it has been since its discovery almost 400 years ago, the cell and the “vital force” that makes it the seat of biological life continues to hold attention. It is likely that there will be no end to the moral and ethical questions and investigations. Today’s new age of molecular understanding, genomics, proteomics, gene splicing and bioengineering is barely underway. It is not surprising, then, that the more we know, the more we recognize how little we understand.

The timeline of discovery has been exponential: from discovery of the DNA double helix in 1953, and the understanding of the genetic code, gene splicing and cell differentiation in the 60s, 70s and 80s, science rapidly jumped up the learning curve to the cloning of whole organisms and the discovery of embryonic stem cells less than a decade ago. The future possibilities for the application of this knowledge seem enormous.

Read the full article about Stem Cell Research and interviews with speakers at the Stem Cells World Conference at Vision.org.

Tremendous $ 50 Off Multimedia Navigation For Audi A4 From Autodvdgps

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Tremendous $ 50 off Multimedia Navigation for Audi A4 from Autodvdgps

Nowadays, there are many online retailers that sell auto electronics. autodvdgps is one of such online stores which is well known for its auto electronics of high quality and reliability, as well as its good service. Autodvdgps, as a professional online store, always offers its consumers the best products at reasonable price. Now a multimedia navigation for Audi A4 from autodvdgps is in promotion, buy it now, you can get a tremendous $ 50 off. Following is what the multimedia navigation looks like.

Before you buy this auto DVD player for your car, you should make sure whether it suits your car. Make clear that the DVD player only fits 2002-2005 Audi A4 with 2-din original stereo and CAN-BUS. Don’t want to miss such a good and cheap product but your car is not the model, buying it as a gift for your friend may be a good idea, isn’t it?

Want to install car DVD player by yourself but have no experience of installing any car electronics, don’t worry, the DVD player adopts original factory panel design with original wire harness and plug compatibility, thus, you do not need to cut any wire of your car. This way, installation may be easy for you following the installation introduction. What’s better, you can also seek help from autodvdgps’ customer service. Autodvdgps’ aftersales is well known if you have read the customer reviews on autodvdgps.com.

The car Navigation multimedia system itself is also worth to be recommended. Its 7.0″ 800*480 digital high definition TFT LCD touchscreen will bring you a wonderful vision experience. The touch screen also makes operation much easier. Built-in GPS is necessary for every car owner, original PIP function allows you to listen to music or radio while in navigation. The back display screen can connect DVD, USB, SD, TV or radio functions while the host display show different contents, without any interference even in voice navigation via original 2-ZONE function. Now safety is car owners’ first consideration. The DVD GPS device offers you handsfree bluetooth, that will help you make calls freely and safely. Steering wheel control adds additional security to car owners’ driving. To reduce back accidents while reversing or parking your car, the auto rear viewing function plays an important roles.
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Want to know more about this car DVD player, you can visit autodvdgps. As car owners’ first choice, autodvdgps also has other more car electronics, car accessories and auto tools, all of which are high quality at a reasonable price.

But if you just need a multimedia navigation system for Audi A4, act quickly! Tremendous $ 50 off only lasts until February 6, 2012.

Ecn Forex Robot Critiques Get It Now and Fapturbo reviews

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Ecn Forex Robot Evaluations

Ecn Forex Robotic ReviewsEcn Forex Robot Evaluations: Automotive Fx buying and selling software purposes comparable to FAP Turbo take away most of those particular person things by merely counting just with efficient and likewise properly-established technical examination rules that will perform according to the undeniable fact that the present promoting price displays your amount overall of all source in addition to demand outcomes performing out there. Ecn Forex Robot Reviews It is FAP Turbo have been and so affluent for people who want to please in the main advantages of dealing your remarkably liquid international Foreign exchange, even though steering away from the pitfalls sometimes related to such a exchanging.

Ecn Foreign exchange Robot Opinions Review

Ecn Forex Robotic Reviews Evaluate Yet another of the advantages of this FAP Turbo automotive Currency trading software program is actually it incorporates so-known as “buying and selling robotic” functionality. Ecn Forex Robot Critiques Consequently the second FAP Turbo is often mounted for skilled mechanic inside MetaTrader several Foreign exchange along with techie analysis investing software program, it will probably all the buying and promoting be right for you once your current accounts is definitely financed.

Ecn Foreign exchange Robotic Opinions Basically, it very first ascertains both the right place dimension, in addition to one of the best things to have the ability to start a brand new business in the specific overseas exchange couple. Ecn Foreign exchange Robot Reviews The second a posture is usually used, the precise dealing robotic then concurrently areas a pair liquidating purchases, that you simply get earnings the opposite to have the flexibility to limit possibility. This particular creates FAP Turbo utterly self-enough within creating buying and selling outcomes for your profile.

Ecn Foreign exchange Robotic Opinions Testimonials Specialised sellers along with newbies likewise are raving in on-line speak forums about FAP Turbo’s power to enterprise maybe the actual choppiest promotes, generally providing lucrative results no matter market place circumstances. In case you are fascinated about paying for auto Fx trading utility, then you undoubtedly must pay back that to find a way to your self to take a in shut proximity take a look at FAP Turbo. Ecn Foreign exchange Robot Evaluations As one of many biggest and plenty of favourite Overseas foreign money trading skilled advisers obtainable, your satisfaction with this solution is actually thoroughly secured, and so merely purchase, down load and also use a replica for ones financed MetaTrader a number of account to begin out dealing Foreign change just like the professionals these days!

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How To Make An Rss Feed And Create Widgets For Free Using No Programming Skills

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With so many different websites and blogs out there how can you be sure your site is getting the right exposure on the web? Attracting new readers to your website can be hard, even if they find you once, how do you know they will come back? How can users know when you post new content, press releases, videos, blog posts or personal news? How can you reach even more people to visit your site and read your website or blog? The most effective solution is to publish your content through an RSS feed. By sharing your content through an RSS feed, you make it easy for your readers to keep track of your updated entries through their RSS readers and or personal home pages like iGoogle and MyYAhoo.

RSS, Really Simple Syndication, technology provides a means to publish regularly updated web sites like blogs, news headlines, or multimedia content such as podcasts and video. RSS is a standardized format that is used to update news readers and personal home pages. Using RSS feeds you can publish your new content automatically and Readers can subscribe to your RSS feed and see your latest entries along with any other subscribed RSS feeds. This eliminates the need for readers to visit each and every site and just add your feed to a reader to scan hundreds of site posts very quickly.

Creating a new RSS feed from scratch requires some technical skills, like XML, and can be more difficult then entering data into your blog or website. Luckily, there are services, like WebRSS, that enable you to quickly and easily create RSS feeds for your web site. That way, you can create a new RSS Feed for your Website or Blog and publish your content automatically on the schedule you define. You can publish your RSS feed daily, weekly or even monthly. However the more frequent the post the more likely someone will read it.

Using an RSS creation service will save you all the time of learning a new and changing technology and enable you to validate your feed and market you feed to major ping servers all without learning how to make RSS feeds or having programming skills. Many services, like WebRSS, will host your RSS feed and push your RSS feed to major ping servers for free. This puts your content in front of major web sites and newspapers and possibly their readers.

Services like WebRSS not only allow you to create an RSS feed but they let you take other RSS feeds like NY Times, Wall Street Journal or even Google News and display their fresh content on your site with the use of an RSS News Widget. You can manage the feed; check off different options like publish date and customize the widget that matches your web sites exact look and feel.